The hygiene is one of the most important points when it comes to preventing illness in birds. It is necessary to do a periodic cleaning of the cage, dishes, perches, toys and any other object that is inside.
The floor of the cage is covered with a canvas or paper where the stools and food remains accumulate. These can be disposable, such as newsprint or those sold especially for this purpose. Whichever one you use, it is important that you change it daily to eliminate one of the biggest sources of contamination inside the cage.
The dishes, toys, bathtubs and other accessories where birds from perching and defecate should be washed every day with plenty of hot water and soap. They can also be washed in the dishwasher after removing coarse dirt. Then rinse and dry each utensil well before returning it to its place.
The rest of the cage can be washed less frequently. Large birds such as parrots and lorikeets are dirtier and require weekly washing, while smaller ones only need this treatment every two to four weeks, depending on the size of the cage and the number of birds that live in it.
The elements you need for hygiene are absorbent paper cloths, an abrasive sponge to loosen the dry and adhered material, a plastic bucket with hot water, a brush to access the most difficult parts, a brush for water bottles or tubes. . It is convenient to store all these items together to keep them on hand and make sure you do not use them for another surface that could become contaminated.
First take the bird to another cage or safe place where it can wait for you to finish. Remove all accessories and toys and immerse them in hot water to clean the entire cage with the sponge or brush . Do not forget any part, the floor, the walls, hangers, plates, especially the hard-to-reach corners. Use a bird-safe detergent or disinfectant , then rinse thoroughly and let it dry. Do the same with plates, hangers, toys and other accessories. so that dirt comes off. Take the opportunity to check if there is any small piece that is about to come off an item that you must replace. Then remove the paper or canvas from the background, discard it and proceed
When everything is dry, put things back in place, fill the dishes or bottles with water and food and you are ready for the bird to return home.
When buying accessories make sure they are washable . The best materials are stainless steel or ceramic, since they are not porous and do not allow the colonization of bacteria. They can also be washed by hand or machine and withstand any disinfectant. All parrots are capable of breaking plastic plates, so avoid them.